Poverty can happen very quickly to anyone. A guaranteed livable income would help address the persistent inequities within our country.

Closeup of paper in an antique typewriter with the words Guaranteed Livable Income typed on the paper
Credit: Marco Verch, Flickr [CC-BY-2.0]

“The COVID-19 pandemic has emphasized our interconnectedness to one another across this country. As a church we seek to care for and uplift human dignity and spirit from birth through death…”
—Moderator Richard Bott

Poverty can happen very quickly to anyone. Aware that some pandemic-related relief programs (such as the Canada Emergency Response Benefit, CERB) were scheduled to wind up in July, Moderator Richard Bott has written to elected officials encouraging them to seize the moment to roll out a universal basic income program in collaboration with the provinces, territories, and Indigenous leadership.

“It is my belief,” he writes, “that our collective experience as Canadians during COVID-19 presents a vital opportunity.... [T]ogether we can take important steps to protect the health and safety of all Canadians going forward.” The full letter is available under Downloads, below.

A growing movement of senators, Anglican and Evangelical Lutheran bishops, and many more across Canada are calling for a universal basic income. In September, hundreds participated in the Light the Flame for a GLI effort through lighting a candle and sending petitions for a guaranteed livable income program while five vigils were held across the country (Parliament Hill, Toronto, Winnipeg, Saskatoon, and Vancouver). The use of “guaranteed” signals a focus on ensuring a level of income for all. Emphasis is on its being available to anyone below a certain income level (universally accessible) rather than necessarily paid out to everyone and then clawed back, which for some is what universal implies. The use of “livable” signals an income that enables people to live with dignity, not just stay alive.

Take Action

  1. Call or write to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Chrystia Freeland, and ask them to
    • seize this moment to roll out a guaranteed livable income program in collaboration with the provinces, territories, and Indigenous leadership
    • develop and implement a program that provides an adequate living level for everyone and addresses the persistent inequities that exist within the present wage and social benefit structures of our country
    • address systemic barriers experienced by Indigenous peoples in accessing relief programs (for example, those related to COVID-19)
    • build a program that is universally accessible, preserves human dignity rather than creates stigma, removes discriminatory barriers, does not penalize people for the work that they do, and is available with a minimum of bureaucracy

      You can personalize the e-mail template below. Justin Trudeau’s e-mail is pm@pm.gc.ca  and Chrystia Freeland’s e-mail is Chrystia.Freeland@parl.gc.ca.  Please cc takeaction@united-church.ca and your own member of Parliament. You can find your MP's contact information by entering your postal code on the Parliament of Canada website. Multiply your efforts by sharing with 10 friends and encourage them to write their own.
  2. Join the United Church e-mail network, Guaranteed Livable Income, to receive updates and opportunities to connect with others.
  3. Shine a light on this nation-wide effort in April. Check back here for more details, or contact  justice@united-church.ca  to volunteer.
  4. Share this Take Action on your social media networks. Use the hashtags #UCCan, #UCCanlivableincome, #poverty, #basicincome.
  5. Engage your community of faith:
  6. Learn more by engaging with


The United Church of Canada affirms that a guaranteed annual income is the most efficient way of ensuring that all Canadians will have a secure economic floor to stand on (see the 1972 and 1986 policies available on United Church Commons).

Since 1972, The United Church of Canada has advocated a policy of guaranteed annual income that is more equitable and less expensive and complicated to administer than the numerous government support programs presently available. Since then, national and international studies and programs have shown that a universal basic income is both affordable and had beneficial effects in the areas of health, justice, education, and social welfare.

Indigenous members of the United Church have described how structural inequities in Canadian society continue to be reinforced in this time of pandemic. They have reported barriers to accessing relief programs designed to help Canadians through the pandemic crisis. Accordingly, a guaranteed livable income program should be designed to ensure that both the application and payment processes facilitate participation by all Indigenous peoples, whether they live in urban centres or remote communities. The government should build a program that is universally accessible, preserves human dignity rather than creates stigma, removes discriminatory barriers, does not penalize people for the work that they do, and is available with a minimum of bureaucracy, and exists alongside other social supports, including health care, pharmacare, pension, and education supports.

Low-income racialized communities have been hit hardest by COVID-19 and its economic impact. A guaranteed livable income would assist all, but especially those in our society who are economically disadvantaged by manifestations of systemic racism.

Please note that the terms “universal basic income” (UBI) and guaranteed livable income used here do not endorse any particular design. The intent of the Moderator's letter and this Take Action is to raise up principles on which a program for basic income would be designed and implemented.

What Is Basic Income?

A guaranteed livable income (GLI) is a payment to individuals or families by government that covers the cost of basic necessities (food, shelter, clothing, transportation, and community participation) and is not conditional on meeting employment criteria in order to qualify for the benefit. It ensures everyone an income adequate for meeting basic needs, allowing all people to live with dignity regardless of work status. Such a program would be part of the national fabric of services that preserve and protect Canadians; or, as Jesus put it, “to love our neighbours as ourselves.”

Rather than have a rules-based, bureaucratically driven application process (during which applications must prove they are "really poor" before being approved), all Canadian citizens are ensured an automatic top-up when their income collapses for whatever reason. The incomes would be unconditional, automatic, non-withdrawable, individual, and a right of every legal resident.

A guaranteed livable income is an effective way to support the reduction and elimination of poverty and insecurity; the narrowing of extreme income and wealth inequalities; shared citizenship; and improved democratic and economic functioning.

Additional Resources

For more information, contact  justice@united-church.ca .


Attachment Size Type
Moderator letter to elected officials re universal basic income May 2020 475.96 KB PDF
Guaranteed Livable Income E-mail Template 27.29 KB Word
Worship Resources: Guaranteed Livable Income 58.8 KB Word
Backgrounder on the Nuts and Bolts of a Guaranteed Livable Income 249.4 KB PDF